“If you’re unable to get your partner pregnant after regular unprotected intercourse for more than a year, you might be suffering from some form of a problem associated with the sperms. It could range from mild problems like sperm count mortality to the severest form — the absence of sperms in the semen sample, which can be termed as azoospermia,” stated Dr Aswati Nair, fertility advisor, Nova IVF Fertility, New Delhi.
She added that it’s a situation that forestalls males from having sperms of their semen, and is among the causes of male infertility. Nevertheless, azoospermia is a uncommon incident and occurs in round one per cent of males; but it surely’s the basis reason behind 10 to fifteen p.c of infertility circumstances.
“It can be caused when either the testicles stop producing sperms or the produced sperms cannot come out because of a block in the tract. Sperms are formed in the testicles and the sperms travel through the reproductive tract along with the fluid which is basically secretion of the male glands. They together make semen,” she stated.
What causes azoospermia?
It may be precipitated due to two causes – obstructive (sperm will get blocked and can’t come out of the physique) and non-obstructive (a problem in sperm manufacturing).
Obstructive azoospermia is precipitated attributable to
*Genetic circumstances: An underlying problem with the genes or some organs within the physique.
*An infection within the prostrate or testicles, which can be one of many greatest causes of male infertility
*Trauma: A surgical procedure within the backbone, pelvis, intercourse organ, the decrease stomach might injury the reproductive organs. Generally trauma of the surgical procedure may have an effect on the sperm manufacturing or trigger obstruction in sperm manufacturing.
Non-obstructive azoospermia is precipitated attributable to
*Taking medicines for most cancers might have an effect on fertility. Popping antibiotics and steroids can be detrimental to male fertility.
*Smoking, ingesting alcohol may additionally trigger an issue in sperm manufacturing
*Chemotherapy or another radiation remedy to deal with most cancers
*Retrograde ejaculation: Underneath this situation, semen travels into the bladder as a substitute of out of doors the physique
What are the indicators and signs of azoospermia?
*Incapacity to make the associate conceive
*Obese or weight problems
*Lack of hair
*Testicles are getting small and can’t be felt
*Low intercourse drive
How one can diagnose azoospermia and its remedy?
The method is just like any male fertility prognosis. The medical skilled will ask you in your semen evaluation, blood check, or mind imaging to scan the pituitary gland. After that, they could ask you a number of questions to grasp your medical historical past. Query will probably be pertaining to your fertility points, any circumstances of long-term medicine or remedy of any illnesses like most cancers, both within the type of chemotherapy or radiotherapy, any sickness, surgical procedure in your pelvic or reproductive space, any STI and UTI, and publicity to excessive warmth circumstances.
“If a person is diagnosed with obstructive azoospermia, the treatment involves reconstructing the tubes or ducts that aren’t allowing the sperm to flow. This can be done through surgery. However, the rate of success of these surgeries is low. The rate of success of any medical treatment towards non-obstructive azoospermia is also very low. But there is still a way to have a biological child with surgically extracted testicular sperms,” she tells indianexpress.com.
It’s all the time helpful to eat a well-balanced food regimen, get loads of relaxation, drink sufficient fluids, and hold stress in verify apart from assembly your fertility skilled regularly. One ought to all the time watch out concerning the drugs they’re taking and talk about their affect on fertility along with your physician.