Relating to well being, not solely ought to a lady prioritise it, but in addition get herself checked with a physician occasionally to. These preemptive measures usually assist in the well timed analysis of ailments, which could be life-saving!
The month of January is recognised as Cervical Most cancers Consciousness Month, and the one check that may warn about potential most cancers is PAP check. That is primarily why medical doctors insist girls get it performed periodically. Dr Karamjit Kaur, marketing consultant — obstetrician and gynaec — laparoscopic surgeon, Fortis La Femme Hospital, Richmond Street, Bangalore, tells indianexpress.com about the advantages of the check, together with what it truly is.
What’s a PAP check?
PAP check is the abbreviated type of Papanicolaou check. It’s a screening check for ladies to detect potentially-precancerous and cancerous cells within the cervix (opening of the uterus or the womb).
“It is not a method for diagnosing cancer, it is a way of screening apparently healthy and symptom-free women to find out those who need further investigation to see if they have malignancy,” explains the physician.
Why is it vital?
“Of the 2 commonest cancers seen in Indian girls, cervical most cancers is one; the opposite is breast most cancers. India contributes to about 1/fifth of the burden of cervical most cancers — practically 1,00,000 circumstances yearly in the entire world. The earlier a most cancers is detected and therapy is initiated, the higher will probably be outcomes.
“We get patients coming in very late because of lack of awareness and neglect. Now the good part is that cervical cancer is very much a potentially preventable disease as it has a long preinvasive state and treatment at this stage is effective. With the help of the PAP test which is readily available, it can be detected early, even before the symptom starts,” says Dr Kaur.
Who ought to get the check performed?
The physician advises that each one sexually-active girls between the ages of 21 and 65 years ought to get it performed as soon as yearly for 3 years, after which each three years. “Even women who have been vaccinated against cervical cancer should get the PAP test done.”
The best time
“Ideally once the period gets over. In menopausal women, it can can be done any time. Prior to the test, douching should not be done and a day before the test, sexual intercourse should be avoided,” says Dr Kaur.
How is the check performed?
It’s a easy check performed in a scientific setting. No prick is required. A vaginal speculum examination is completed and a smear is taken from the cervix and the endocervical canal. The pattern is then despatched to the lab for cytological analysis beneath a microscope to search for irregular cells. The report is accessible in per week’s time, says the physician.
PAP check, together with common screening and follow-ups, can scale back cervical most cancers danger by as much as 80 per cent.