The world is battling coronavirus in the meanwhile, which is understood to have an effect on completely different folks in several methods. “Along with fever and lung fibrosis, even blood clotting may be seen in some patients,” stated Dr Chetan Bhambure, advisor interventional heart specialist, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Highway.
All the things you might want to find out about blood clotting
Clotting of blood is beneficial in an damage. But when it clots inside a blood vessel with out damage, it may well trigger life-threatening problems. The virus invades and damages endothelial cells, triggering the physique’s clotting mechanism. The injury to the tissues round them on account of viral an infection or the physique’s immune response causes elevated clotting. A rise in inflammatory molecules that our immune system produces in response to viral an infection can activate clotting. Varied research have advised that the platelets of individuals hospitalised with COVID-19 had been discovered to be hyperactive, having elevated activation and aggregation (clumping), he defined.
Who’s at a better danger of creating blood clots?
Some persons are at greater danger for creating clots. “These include hospitalised patients, patients with high blood levels of d-dimer (a marker for clotting), and comorbidities like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. Thus, these patients need to be extra cautious if they contract the covid infection,” expressed Dr Bhambure.
Clotting may cause a number of problems like a coronary heart assault if an artery of the center will get blocked; stroke whereby an artery of the mind is blocked inflicting paralysis; pulmonary embolism whereby an artery within the lungs will get blocked inflicting a sudden drop in blood strain and blood oxygen ranges; limb ischemia which is a clot within the artery of legs; mesenteric ischemia that may be a clot within the arteries supplying blood to the intestines; deep vein thrombosis whereby blood clots within the veins of the legs may end up in pulmonary embolism; and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis which is clots within the veins of the mind.
What’s the remedy?
The remedy: The sufferers who at excessive danger of creating clots are handled with a blood thinner or an anticoagulant which is able to forestall clots formation. Even injections and drugs as prescribed by the physician shall be given to those sufferers, stated Dr Bhambure.
Methods to forestall blood clots?
The danger of blood clotting will be lowered by staying lively. Train repeatedly and keep away from sitting for lengthy hours.
Shedding extra weight might help to scale back the danger of blood clotting in overweight folks. Give up smoking. Smoking damages the lungs and may improve the possibilities of blood clotting. “Certain medicines like oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy, and certain cancer drugs can increase the risk of clotting. Hence, this needs to be discussed with the treating doctor,” remarked Dr Bhambure.
Takeaway: The easiest way to assist forestall COVID-19-related blood clots is by taking steps to keep away from getting contaminated. The best approach to keep away from this extremely contagious virus is to observe bodily distancing, wash palms ceaselessly, put on a face masks correctly, and keep away from touching the nostril, mouth, and eyes with unwashed palms.