It’s recognized now that the Covid an infection can lead to a number of different well being issues, and that it assaults severely when an individual already has an current well being situation. Amongst different issues, it will possibly hurt the center, for its “impact on the cardiovascular system is very common, and can prove fatal even in mild infections”, warns Dr Vivek Mahajan, marketing consultant, cardiac surgical procedure, Fortis Hospital Kalyan.
For individuals with comorbidities
The physician explains that the virus impacts organs like the center, lungs, blood vessels, and kidneys in a extra extreme method if these organs are unhealthy already.
“Various conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, previous heart attacks, weak heart, obesity, chronic lung disease, asthma, chronic kidney disease, etc., result in an easier entry for the virus leading to a more severe infection. Lack of exercise, faulty diet patterns, smoking, alcohol overuse, excessive snoring, poor blood pressure and blood glucose control, being overweight and obese make these vital organs diseased and more vulnerable to Covid-19,” he says.
Cardiovascular problems and Covid
Based on Dr Mahajan, Covid virus instantly infects the liner of the blood vessels each carrying the pure blood to the organs (arteries) and the impure blood from varied organs to the center (veins). This could additionally trigger blood clots within the veins of the leg resulting in a situation known as ‘deep vein thrombosis’.
“These clots may dislodge and travel to the lung, blocking its blood supply. This is a condition called pulmonary thromboembolism — it is life-threatening if the clot is a large one. If similar clotting occurs in the arteries of the heart, it could lead to a stroke which can be critical. These arteries are particularly vulnerable to choking by clot formation, heart attacks, and are commonly seen among Covid patients. These clotting complications may occur even in milder forms of infection even a few weeks or months after the recovery. Blood thinners like Rivaroxaban may be beneficial to prevent these complications in selected patients at a higher risk,” the physician explains.
Covid and coronary heart assault
Dr Mahajan cautions the virus could instantly infect the muscle tissue of the center and result in a situation known as ‘myocarditis’. “Complaints of palpitation are common after myocarditis. Patients often exhibit fluctuation in the heart rate — from very fast to extremely slow for few weeks to months after recovery. Some patients tend to have a severe infection of the heart muscle. This can lead to dangerously-fast disturbances of heart rhythm called ‘arrhythmias’ and can lead to a sudden cardiac arrest.”
How can such sufferers be protected?
That is what the physician advises:
* Sufferers having palpitations or breathlessness must be evaluated for the involvement of the center muscle.
* 2D echo, MRI of the center, and blood exams for coronary heart muscle harm evaluation, like troponin, could also be suggested.
* Steroids and anti-arrhythmic medication might be notably useful in such situations to stop coronary heart rhythm disturbances.
* A weakened coronary heart can result in coronary heart failure post-Covid, which may give rise to shortness of breath and swelling all around the physique, notably the ft. This could occur in individuals with pre-existing weak hearts. Numerous medication which take away the extreme water by urine and enhance the functioning of the center might be useful.