It’s estimated that 4 in each 100 individuals will probably be recognized with epilepsy, says Dr Prashant Makhija, neurologist guide, Wockhardt Hospital, South Bombay. In recognition of November as Epilepsy Consciousness Month, right here’s a primary information from Dr Makhija to know and know the distinction between matches and epilepsy.
What’s a match?
*A match/convulsion happens when there’s irregular or extreme electrical discharge from nerve cells of the mind. Relying on how a lot of the mind is affected by this irregular/extreme electrical discharge, a match is of two varieties:
# Focal: when it happens in a localised space
# Generalised: when there’s widespread involvement of each halves of the mind
What are the signs of a match?
*Relying on the realm of the mind concerned, a affected person might have assorted symptomatology. Among the frequent signs embrace clean stare, transient confusion, transient irregular behaviour, deviation of head and eyes to 1 aspect, posturing or jerking of 1 limb which can typically be accompanied with twitching of the face, violent jerking of all 4 limbs throughout which affected person might produce irregular sound, he/she might chunk his/her tongue and there may additionally be an involuntary passage of urine/stools in garments
What’s the distinction between having matches and affected by epilepsy?
*Match/convulsion is a one-time occasion and having a single episode of match/convulsion doesn’t essentially imply the affected person is affected by epilepsy
*Epilepsy is a neurological dysfunction whereby affected person tends to have recurrent seizures
*A single episode of match/convulsion might happen due to quickly correctable/reversible drawback such a low blood sugars (hypoglycaemia), low sodium ranges (hyponatremia), consumption of alcohol and many others. In such instances correction of the underlying trigger will forestall the affected person from growing additional episodes of matches/convulsions and affected person might not essentially require anti-seizure medicines. Round 1 in 10 individuals can have match/convulsion as soon as in a lifetime.
*An individual is recognized as having epilepsy when he/she exhibits an everlasting predisposition to have recurrent seizures attributable to genetic/acquired causes. Epilepsy happens both attributable to genetic (familial) causes or when there’s injury to the mind which can happen following a head damage, an infection of the mind, stroke, mind tumour and many others. Round 1 in 26 individuals can have a lifetime threat of growing epilepsy