Sudden cardiac arrest or SCA is among the main causes of dying that may strike anybody at any age. In sure instances, it additionally impacts folks with no historical past of coronary heart illness. It’s a critical situation the place the guts immediately and unpredictably stops beating. Globally, 1 out of each 1,000 folks loses their life to SCA yearly. It is because SCA results in gradual respiratory and collapse of the person triggered by irregular coronary heart rhythms (referred to as cardiac arrhythmia), shares Dr Aparna Jaswal, heart specialist at Fortis Escorts Coronary heart Institute, Delhi.
Can sudden cardiac arrest be reversed?
Dr Jaswal explains, “Time is very crucial in case of SCA as every minute counts for survival. With timely medical intervention, the patient can be saved. In more than 80% of the cases, it is seen that this happens due to blockages in the blood vessels of the heart. When the erratic beating of the heart or cardiac arrhythmia disrupts its pumping ability, it can lead to blockages which, in turn, cause difficulty in breathing and affect its functioning. This can be fatal if not treated on time,” says Dr Jaswal.
Who’s vulnerable to SCA?
Whereas there are various danger elements of SCA, the important thing elements are coronary artery illness and acute coronary heart assaults. “According to the Cleveland Clinic, a person who has suffered a heart attack is at a much greater risk of SCA for the first six months, and nearly 75% of SCA cases are linked to this condition,” shares Dr Jaswal. Different danger elements embody household historical past or earlier episodes of SCA, or a historical past of congenital coronary heart defects together with defects within the blood vessels, coronary heart failure, weight problems, diabetes and drug abuse amongst others.
What are the warning indicators?
Warning indicators can vary from shortness of breath, collapsing impulsively, discomfort within the chest, loss of respiratory, unexplained wheezing and palpitations to many different signs.