A tracheostomy surgical procedure is carried out in sure medical situations that result in a blockage or narrowing of the airway in a affected person. As a part of the process, a gap is made by the entrance of the neck into the windpipe (trachea) and a silicon tube is inserted to maintain it open for respiration.
This process helps present an air passage for respiration when the standard route is blocked or narrowed. This process can also be carried out when a affected person requires long-term use of a ventilator machine to breathe. A surgeon can also name for tracheostomy in sure emergencies like a traumatic damage to the neck or face. “It is common in critically ill patients, especially those dealing with respiratory issues. Patients whose breathing access has been blocked because of tumours, scars or any other reason may also need the same procedure; but again, inserting, removing or keeping it depends upon the related cases and concerned doctors’ observation,” stated Dr Navneet Sood, pulmonary advisor, Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital.
What circumstances require tracheostomy?
In accordance with Mayo Clinic:
*Medical situations that make it needed to make use of a respiration machine (ventilator) for an prolonged interval, normally a couple of or two weeks.
*Medical situations that block or slim airways, akin to vocal wire paralysis or throat most cancers.
*Paralysis, neurological issues or different situations that make it tough to cough up secretions out of your throat and require direct suctioning of the windpipe to clear your airway.
*Preparation for main head or neck surgical procedure to help respiration throughout restoration.
*Extreme trauma to the top or neck that obstructs respiration.
*Different emergency conditions when respiration is obstructed and emergency personnel can’t put a respiration tube by your mouth and into your trachea.